Efecto de las membranas con Cu+2 sobre el proceso de filtración y capacidad de biocida contra Escherichia coli

Autores/as

  • Edward M. A. Guerrero-Gutiérrez Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5778-3953
  • María Abad Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala
  • Isabel Gaitán Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala
  • Keila Guerrero Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36829/63CTS.v9i1.1041

Palabras clave:

Unidades Formadoras de Colonias, fenómeno de transporte, degradación térmica, morfología

Resumen

Esta investigación estudió la preparación de membranas compuestas de celulosa y quitosano entrecruzadas con Cu(II) para determinar su efecto biocida y eficiencia en la remoción de Escherichia coli. Las membranas de quitosano se obtuvieron por medio de la técnica de evaporación del solvente. Propiedades de absorción de agua, degradación térmica y mecánicas de las membranas fueron evaluadas con el propósito de modificar la estructura química, la superficie y estudiar su impacto como agente biocida. Los resultados muestran que el Cu(II) interactúa con los grupos iónicos de las membranas que inducen un cambio estructural produciendo un aumento de 190 % en el módulo G*. Además, el catión provee estabilidad térmica a temperaturas menores de 200 ºC y produce cambios superficiales a la membrana, especialmente a la membrana de celulosa. Adicionalmente, la membrana de celulosa-Cu(II) aumentó su efecto biocida contra E. coli hasta un 96 %. El proceso de remoción por medio de la filtración aumentó 41 % con la incorporación del catión. Esta investigación muestra el efecto de la interacción del catión con grupos iónicos en la membrana que mejoran las propiedades de filtración y efecto biocida contra esta enterobacteria que puede llegar a ser patógena para el ser humano

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Biografía del autor/a

Edward M. A. Guerrero-Gutiérrez, Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala

Escuela de Ingeniería Química, Facultad de Ingeniería

María Abad, Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala

Escuela de Química Biológica, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas y Farmacia

Isabel Gaitán, Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala

Escuela de Química Biológica, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas y Farmacia

Keila Guerrero, Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala

Escuela de Química Biológica, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas y Farmacia

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Publicado

2022-06-13

Cómo citar

Guerrero-Gutiérrez, E. M. A., Abad, M., Gaitán, I., & Guerrero, K. (2022). Efecto de las membranas con Cu+2 sobre el proceso de filtración y capacidad de biocida contra Escherichia coli. Ciencia, Tecnologí­a Y Salud, 9(1), 98–115. https://doi.org/10.36829/63CTS.v9i1.1041

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Artículos científicos